Assignment 4 public policy (783 words)

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         Civil Rights
         Marcus Ward
         PPA 699 Public Policy Development
         Mark Pantaleo
              One of the major civil rights initiatives that I chose to discuss is the Civil rights Act of 1968. The research that was done on this initiative will show how it impact public policies. Also, information on how the average American citizen was affected by this initiative. All and all, a brief discussion will be provided about the initiative along with its impacts.
         Civil Rights Act of 1968
              For many years in the past century, African Americans were treated unfairly and discriminated against when it came to the sale and renting of housing. According to Dye (2017),      "     t     he prospects for a fair housing law were not very good at the beginning of 1968.     "      Another name for this initiative was called the "Fair Housing Act". According to Carter (2018), "     t     he original goal of the      Civil Rights Act of 1968      was to      extend federal protection to civil rights workers     , who were being intimidated, assaulted, and sometimes murdered, while organizing and registering black voters throughout the South.     " (para. 2) Because of these things were happening often to blacks, this initiative had to be brought to the attention of congress and the world. It took Martin Luther King Jr. being assassinated for congress to feel sorry and make a change by passing the law and putting it into effect.      The law was passed on April 10, 1968 and signed into law by President Johnson the very next day. Gender was added to the act in 1974, along with individuals with disabilities and families with children in 1988.           "     According to the law, a religious organization, association, or society, or any nonprofit institution or organization operated, supervised or controlled by or in conjunction with a religious organization, association, or society, is exempted from limiting the sale, rental or occupancy of dwellings which it owns or      operates for other than a commercial purpose to persons of the same religion, or from giving preference to such persons, unless membership in such religion is restricted on account of race, color, or national origin      (Carter, 2018, para.5)."
         Impact      of Civil Rights Act of 1968
              After the passing of the act, there were still in-house practice that remained segregated in many areas of the United States. "The total black population in America increased from 6.1 million to 15.3 million causing white Americans to move out of cities to suburbs, taking      many of the employment opportunities blacks needed into communities where they were not welcome to live      (, 2018. Para. 13)." The impact of the act also led to urban areas labeled ghettos,      in communities that were plagued by unemployment and a high number of crimes.      The Civil Rights Act of 1968 affected the average American citizen in good ways. For one, African Americans had equal access      to restaurants, transportation, and public places. Also, it created equal education to minorities along with protection to voting and housing. In this current day, struggles of equality if far from over for minorities in America. With elect President Trump adding to the issue, it makes it harder for minorities to live a comfortable life in America. Even with all the equal opportunities prosy, minority American citizens still are at the bottom of the list pertaining to class.
              As expressed above,      a brief discussion of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 was given with supporting facts behind it. The impact the act had on policies along with its impact on American Citizens were explained also. Currently, the battle for equality is not over as in today's world we      still struggle to make things right. It seems like the future is reverting back to the old century before the Civil Rights acts existed or became into effect. This is sad to say, but we have to make things better as a whole and focus on things that helps American citizens survive comfortably without any issues if we are going to make America great again. Imposing against minorities or immigration will not help solve the issues as President Trump suggests.  
         Dye, T.R. (2017).           Understanding public policy     (15th ed.). Retrieved from
         Carter, J. (2018). 5 Facts

Related Topics

Human rights in the United States Human rights Liberalism in the United States Politics of the United States Civil and political rights Rights Civil Rights Act Housing discrimination in the United States Civil rights movement Kenneth L. Marcus

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