Personality perspectives (2601 words)

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         Ericka Exton
         Discipline Based Literature Review
         Psyc      615: Personality Theories
         Dr. Julian      Achim
              An individual's personality is unique to who they are. No one has the same personality as another and this is due in large part to the different experiences, genetic makeup, social environments and cultures that vary depending on who a person is. There are multiple reasons why personality is of interest in psychology but one of the main reasons is because of its complexities and variables. Not only does personality depend on the person's life experiences but it could also be shaped by something formed within their mind before they were even born. Something as simple as having one p     arent instead of two      shapes personality and even what order a person is born within their family makes a huge impact on personality. No theory of personality development is wrong, although some might be more controversial than others, they all work to explain how each human develops their own se     nse of self. Here, I will discuss five perspectives: psychodynamic, humanistic, trait, social and behavioral.
              Do you know yourself?      It's a tantalizing question at best however, it has a much deeper meaning in humanistic psychology. The humanistic perspective takes one's adherence to realizing their "self-hood" as the core achievement that a person aims for. Personality development is dependent on what a person thinks of th     emselves      in the humanist's eyes     . According to the article by Eugene      DeRobertis      (2008) "from a humanistic perspective,           the self is the fountainhead of personality integration."      But when there is conflict within the self, negative personality aspects form. For example, a neurotic person is constantly in battle with their actions, how they interact with others and what decisions they make, they are not able to work towards a "true-self" or self-actualization. External factors are usually the root of conflicts one would have with themselves but a person who deals with inner conflict in a healthy and positive      way      may ultimately achieve their goal. Personality is the key to how the conflict will be handled      in many cases     .           DeRobertis      also notes that "     the self is the creative     , experiential hub of the personality"      (2008) which further implies the notion that the views we have of ourselves correlates with how we present that self to others (i.e. our personality). The argument presented throughout the article      was rather or not      finding           yourself      means      being           selfish. The author states the disposition many "pop" psychologists have      which      is that the humanistic approach fosters a path of self-centeredness in many individuals who follow this method of personality development. It has been stated in recent literature that a person's focus on self is an example of negative personality traits such as egocentrism and narcissism but that would make the humanistic view      sort of contradictory      if this held validity.      Contrary to what is being said about self and personality, humanism leans on a connected sense of "we-ness" that many must have in order to achieve personality integration that will bring about a positive sense (or view) of self. Being self-centered or selfish is not a      result of humanistic theorizing but rather a consequence for poor self-development as it pertains to interacting with others. This is something that has to be a part of someone's personality in the first place for it to manifest.
              One of the theorists in humanistic psychology, who was also referenced in      DeRobertis     ' article, is Carl Rogers (1902-1987). Rogers believed that      each child's experiences and rather or not they got love and support from their care givers      encourages their need for      self-realization.           Self-development must be nurtured and cared to by paying attention to each child's individuality      (S. M.      Sincero     , 2017).      However, personality forms from external constraints, such as certain expectations and reinforcements, and then a personality will develop that will either accept the standards imposed or will work against them. In all aspects, the goal in Rogers' opinion is to be the best self a person can be      while still maintaining good interpersonal relationships with others. Personality can be deeply impacted by how we see ourselves.
              Psychodynamic approach to personality development is on     e of the oldest there is. In this theory, personality

Related Topics

Humans Self Freudian psychology Human behavior Behavioural sciences Psychoanalysis Humanistic psychology Psychodynamics Self-actualization Personality Psychology Carl Rogers

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