Tetanus

title = Tetanus




Tetanus, often referred to as "lock jaw", is caused by toxins

released from Clostridium Tetani which lives in soil. It is
a bacterial disease, and can enter the human body through
any wound but usually does so through foot wounds. Tetanus
interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses, creating
prolonged muscle spasms which may cause the jaw to "lock"
closed or paralyze the muscles needed to breathe. Tetanus is
more dangerous in tropical areas, especially areas with poor
sanitation.

The incubation period of tetanus ranges from two to sixty
days. The longer the incubation period, the greater the
chance that the infected person will recover. The early
symptoms of the disease are headaches, toothaches, profuse
sweating, restlessness, irritability, stiff neck, difficulty
swallowing, sore muscles and over-anxiousness. Soon after the
early symptoms, the person infected with tetanus will
experience spasms, inflexibility of the neck and back muscles
and a painful, persistent grimace of facial muscles; which
gives the impression of a sardonic grin. There are different
levels of spasms experienced by those infected with tetanus.
The mild cases of spasms are limited to only the neck and
head. this condition is know as lock jaw. Severe cases
include spasms in the back, extremities, diaphram, and
respiratory muscles. In addition, many complications
accompany the disease. Some of these include intestinal
ulcers, blood clot formation, and respiratory disorders;
which is the most common cause of death in people infected
with tetanus.