history of swiming MKII

7 PAGES
833 WORDS
Read the full essay 833 words
history of swiming MKII

HISTORY OF SWIMMING

Swimming was invented before recorded history. Humans discovered how to
swim by accident. A person probably fell into the water and struggled to shore
using a
dog-paddle stroke. There was an Egyptian hieroglyph for swimming dating from
2500
BC. The ancient Greeks and Romans made swimming an important part of their
military
training programs. There have been known swimming contests that were organized
in
Japan as early as the 1st century BC.

During the Middle Ages in Europe, swimming declined in popularity. People felt
that the water was contaminated and a source of disease. Not everyone feared the
water,
however, Louis XI reportedly swam daily in the Seine.

During the early 19th century, swimming enjoyed a revival, especially in
England,
Lord Byron swam the Dardanelles river, to prove that the mythological hero
Leander
could have done it. Organized competitive swimming began in England in the
1840s.

In 1844 the British were surprised when two American Indians demonstrated the
efficiency of a method of swimming similar to the modern crawl. The British
still swam
with the head above the water, a holdover from the days when people believed
that the
water was contaminated.

An overhand stroke was introduced into England in 1873 by J. Arthur Trudgen,
who had seen South American Indians using this method to swim really fast. When
the
flutter kick was introduced, the modern "Australian crawl was born, and this
stroke has
since become the most common and most important swimming stroke.

FITNESS COMPONENTS

To swim well u need to know how to coordinate your arms and legs to get you
through the water. At first you will probably need to have lessons. Also to swim
u need
agility and just gravity. Swimming also requires balance and quickness in some
cases.
Not much is needed to know if you want to swim.

Swimming improves heart and lung efficiency, enhances muscle strength and
endurance, improves flexibility, and reduces stress. Its easy on the joints,
and uses more
muscles than most other forms of exercise. Although swimming burns a great deal
of
calories, recreational swimmers tend to lose less weight than would be expected
from
other types of aerobic activity. Scientists say that cold water removes heat
from the body,
stimulating appetite to keep the body warm. Exposure to cold water may encourage
the
body to maintain fat stores for insulation. To lose weight by swimming, its
necessary to
cut down on the calories you eat, and to swim fast enough and long enough.

Swimming can burn more than 660 calories an hour when performed
correctly and causes less injuries to joints and muscles than aerobics or
jogging. It takes
only three hours a week of strenuous swimming to improve flexibility, increase
strength
and build cardiovascular endurance. Swimming provides a good aerobic workout if
25%
of the total laps are performed at maximum intensity. However, only 5% of those
who
swim do so at an aerobic pace.

Although few doubt the aerobic benefits of swimming, studies comparing
swimming with jogging, results found that swimmers lost less body fat than
joggers.
Apparently swimming causes an adjustment in how energy is burned, resulting in
the
burning of more carbohydrates than body fat. One reason might be that swimmers
retain
more body fat to insulate and maintain body heat. However, swimming works both
the
upper and lower body which jogging does not.


WHAT IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENT TO MASTER IN
YOUR SPORT? EXPLAIN HOW THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED.

More than half of all Americans can't swim. Drownings claimed 5,200 American
lives in 1990 and is the fourth leading cause of accidental deaths for children
under 5.
Many feel figures are actually higher, since deaths occurring after
resuscitation or
hospitalization usually aren't attributed to the original drowning. Many lives
could be
saved if people would just learn to swim. Correct swimming doesn't come
naturally to the
body and can't be learned overnight. Those swimmers who are exhausted after half
a lap
need more instruction. The most common swimming problem is incorrect breathing
which causes individuals to expend more energy than necessary. Coordinating
breathing
with proper head rotation is the key to proficient swimming. Proper instruction
is the
only way you can learn this, it is the key component to swim well.

WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT YOUR SPORT?
The most unique thing about swimming is the actual racing in the water, you dive
off
blocks and swim as fast as u can in as many different styles and lengths.







BIBLIOGRAPHY

Swimming. Grolier Multimedia