Lord of the flies
Lord of flies
In the “Lord of Flies” William Golding does tell us a story about a group of English boys stranded on a Pacific Island, in the literal level but in a more allegorical level he tells a story about corruption of innocence, brutality/savagery and victimisation/prejudice through the characters of Ralph, Jack, Piggy and Simon. Interesting stylistic features such as symbolism and omnipotent narrator make this story more than just a simple story.
Ralph can be seen as a fair head boy, tall, well built and the major character of the novel. In a deeper sense Ralph represents Law, order and authority but not in a tyrannic way, he also represents democracy and justice. It is also through his eyes we see loss of innocence.
“…Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart…”
In the above quote Ralph cries after piggy is killed.
Jack can be seen as a cruel, ugly, skinny, and the leader of choir at first then the leader of hunters. In a deeper sense Jack represents dictatorship and a primitive hunter. His leadership depends on in the ability to threaten and frighten those under him. His victory over piggy represents the triumph of violence over intellect, his knife represents death and destruction. It is through jack we see Brutality and savagery.
Piggy is a typical obese young boy with brains, but in more he can be seen as a boy with civilised and scientific mind. His scientific mind can be seen when he talks about the beast:
“ I know there isn’t not beast- not with claws and all that…”
It is through Piggy we see victimisation/prejudice.
“Shut up fatty!”(Jack)
“ You let me speak I got the conch…”
In the above quote we see piggy being the victim because of his low class.
Simon is a sensitive, epileptic and religious boy who is wiling to work and is brave in the face of physical danger. He is right about “beast” but is wrong in underestimating the power of this evil. He discovers in the conversation with lord of flies the even he contains the evil within and it cannot be destroyed physically. Simon the Saint was the only hope for the new society but unfortunately he is mistaken for the beast and killed by the savages including Piggy and Ralph.
‘What I mean is... Maybe it’s only us.’
In this quote Simon shows us his common sense and reasoning.
In LotF there are many themes and issues have been discussed which make story much more then just a simple story, these include corruption of innocence, brutality/savagery and victimisation.
As mentioned earlier loss of innocence was shown through Ralph. In the beginning the boys felt very hope full that they would have excellent time but by the end things get very out of hands so much so that even our main character Ralph weeps for the loss of true wise friend called Piggy. There was some hope, not all of them were like hunters, but unfortunately Piggy and Simon are both killed.
Brutality/savagery was shown through Jack and his hunters. In the beginning of the book all the choirboys were innocent young boys. Jack could not even strike the wild piglet for the fear of blood. In the end everyone had changed so much that even Ralph and Piggy, two of our more innocent character join in the dance which led to the death of Simon.
One of the most important themes of the novel was victimisation/prejudice. In the beginning and through out the novel the main victim was Piggy. We have been shown heaps of time…
“Shut up Piggy”
“You let me speak, I have the conch…”
How Jack picks on Piggy because of his low class. In the later part of the novel Ralph and Simon also become the victim only because they are weak.
To make this novel stunning and more than just a simple story, Golding uses interesting language features such as Symbolism, omnipotent narrator and colloquial language.
Excellent symbolism have been used such as pig’s head represents evil within an, and characters to represent real life characters such as, Ralph represents the